File Size: 3742 KB
Print Length: 450 pages
Publisher: Vintage (January 17, 2013)
Publication Date: January 17, 2013
Many aren't familiar together with Scientology, in part since the Scientologists have been persistent and devoted to stamping out dissent and bad portrayals of their religion (previous books on L. Ron Hubbard, Scientology's founder ended up with the author abandoning the project as a result of law suits and the particular British publisher of this specific book, dropped it for fear of libel legislation suits [which are usually easier to win in the UK]). New Yorker writer Lawrence Wright, who is identified as one of our great investigative journalists, has prepared himself by carrying out an incredible quantity of because of diligence and fact checking (apparently the fact checkers on the New Yorker, which usually first published an post on Scientology by Wright, made herculean efforts to make certain they got the information right).
Scientology does not appear off well in Proceeding Clear. Wright portrays Scientology as with large part a good expression of L. Ron Hubbard's whimsy: "Even because Hubbard was inventing the particular doctrine, each of his decisions and actions would turn out to be enshrined in Scientology lore as something to become emulated -- his cigarette smoking, for instance, which usually is still a feature of the church's culture on the upper levels, as are usually his 1950s habits of speech, his casual misogyny, his aversion to fragrance and scented deodorants, and his love of automobiles and motorcycles and Panerai watches. More considerable will be the legacy of their belittling behavior toward subordinates and his paranoia regarding the government. Such traits placed the religion as a good extremely secretive and sometimes hostile organization that saw enemies in each corner. inches
Wright, however , does not necessarily create a simple characterization of Hubbard and Scientology. He grants him greater complexity than a easy con man. It appears Hubbard, who had the fertile imagination and cleverness (amazingly, he wrote just one, 000 books--no small feat even if that you were just the particular typist), believed in his very own ideas. Obviously, there had been something powerfully charismatic concerning him, but as someone who else tends to gloss at Hubbard's cosmology and "discoveries, " it's hard in order to understand (and watching a good interview of him on-line didn't shed any gentle for me in the appeal). It seemed that Hubbard was a congenital fibber--one of those folks for whom reality just was not sufficient so he got to embellish it and finally couldn't himself separate out his fantasies from reality. What's whacky and fascinating is that this individual got others to significantly believe in his concepts too. Why though? That was that part of this overall incredibly investigated book that I found somewhat lacking.
The big picture how he did it is the fact that Hubbard parlayed the success of Dianetics, his self-help bestseller, right into a religion. In a way Scientology is really a truly modern day religion in that it combines a faux-scientific veneer (it's founder in fact was the sci-fi writer) having a idea system and psycho-spiritual methods. What I wanted had been a better understanding of just how that self-help book> religious beliefs initial transition actually worked. Not what are Hubbard's beliefs, but how this individual created believers. Hubbard seemed oblivious, even allergic, in order to practical details. It appears his third/ish wife (his marriage to his 2nd wife wasn't legally sanctioned) Mary Sue, was the particular real organizer, but We still was left scratching my head about of which leap from self-help and sci-fi writer to expert. It was clear what had been in it for Hubbard; he became fabulously rich and revered. But you may be wondering what had been in it for the particular followers, especially the initial types who didn't have legions of fellow believers to bolster Hubbard's saintly status?
Going Clear, on the other hand, is not merely about L. Ron Hubbard. Wright includes the violent and tight-shipped rule of David Miscaviage. Miscaviage comes off because a classic tyrant (the purges and public community confessions reminded me of Mao's China) who must be deposed, yet he appears to have built a good impregnable fort around him. Being an outsider, one will be mystified as to the reasons Scientologists might accept such abuse. Nevertheless by the time Miscaviage's associates get to their inner circle they have invested years in the particular religion and all their particular friends and often family are believers. Being forged aside has a very heavy cost.
Overall, this is a really worthwhile book. It reads well and raises interesting questions about what will be a scam and what is a religion (for example, we mostly acknowledge belief in a virgin births or parting seas included in legitimate religions, but balk at Hubbard's visions of outer space theology). There are no easy answers, but one is left by a very anxious feeling about Hubbard's musical legacy., I've read another summary of Scientology - Wright's is far superior, and I especially like their detailing in the church's values. He traces Scientology from its origin in the creativity of science-fiction writer L. Ron Hubbard, its challenge to become accepted being a legitimate (and tax-exempt) religious beliefs, efforts to infiltrate government authorities (placed up to five, 000 Scientologists as spies in government agencies around the world, charging these finding officials files on the church to help produce intimidating lawsuits, ' vindictive remedying of critics (favorite weapon - lawsuits intended in order to bury the defendant within legal costs) and several who leave its rates (often incarcerated in deplorable conditions for years and further punished if they tried out to escape), and their impressive wealth. The objective, for each Wright, of Scientologists, will be to climb up the particular Bridge to Total Freedom's innumerable steps and then achieve eternal life. The organization's major goal will be recruiting new members, increasingly achieved via exploiting superstars such as Tom Luxury cruise, John Travolta - this individual credits Scientology with placing his career into high-gear), and enlisting young people into their Sea Organization clergy - often as young 12 - 12 year-old youngsters subscribing to billion-year contracts and work under poor conditions for little/no payment (eg. 90-hour weeks for /week, with one day away from for schooling) and pushed to undergo abortions in case they became pregnant. (A billion years is but a non permanent job within Scientology - they say the world is previously four quadrillion years aged, and attaining immortality need to certainly extend beyond one billion more years. )
Scientology informally claims in order to have 8 million people (based on the amount who have contributed members) and welcomes another 4. 4 million new folks every year. (Obviously, something happens to be suspect about the amounts, unless Scientology has a good incredibly high and quick dropout rate. ) More credible may be the estimate of a former high-level promotion person for the group - he estimated just has 30, 000 people, while the Statistical Abstract states puts the amount at 25, 000. The church is believed in order to hold about billion within liquid assets and 13 million square-feet of home, including 26 properties within Hollywood valued at 0 million and 68 a lot more in Clearwater, Florida, valued at another 8 million. Besides donations from people, Scientology also obtains the particular revenues from 1, 000+ books written by Hubbard. (Hubbard's 'Dianetics' book marketed 18 million copies, for each the church. ) Jesse Touretzky, computer-science professor from Carnegie Mellon estimates of which all the coursework charges practically 0, 000, and the additional auditing (including 'repair auditing') and contributions expected of upper-level people may run the total in order to over half a million dollars.
There are about three levels of Scientologists. 'Public Scientologists' constitute the vast majority, many of these types of first solicited onto that in shopping malls or flow venues. They're first brought to a Scientology location where they're given 'stress tests' with a close lie-detector (E-meter - again, adding to the 'science' label) or personality arrays that entice them in to spending money on courses or auditing therapies that address issues most on their thoughts. The second level will be constantly pursued to increase its recruitment appeal and advance its causes such as attacks on psychiatry and the pharmaceutical market for their having voiced out against Scientology, and promotion of its ideas of education and drug rehabilitation. Anne Archer, Wyatt Danson, Michelle Pfeiffer, George Clooney, and Greta Vehicle Susteren have been involved. The 3rd level is of which of its clergy, the ocean Organization, estimated to amount about 4, 000, focused in L. A. and Clearwater.
Scientologists believe Hubbard uncovered the existential truths of their doctrine through extensive research (hence, 'science') into the writings of Freud and others; he was not necessarily visited by an angel (eg. Mormonism) or divine (eg. Jesus), though this individual also states that their first insights came within a dentist's office although under sedation. Hubbard then 'realized' that 75 million years ago an wicked overlord named Xenu sent human thetans to Earth in space vehicles similar to DC-8s. Supposedly Hubbard also healed himself of debilitating war injuries; no accidents or combat service will be documented in U. H. Navy records - apparently because Hubbard was within secret intelligence work. This individual defined Scientology's goals because creating a civilization without insanity, criminals, or war, wherever Man is free in order to rise to greater height - this idealism is attractive to the young. An additional fertile recruiting ground -- drug users who have become open to the particular idea of alternative facts.
Therapy and analysis (sometimes involving hypnosis) sessions give attention to areas of supposed tension that cause the E-meter to jump, eventually in order to cleanse the mind of obsessions, fears, and illogical urges, thereby allowing the particular subject to 'Go Very clear. ' Often the process has led participants in order to recall past lives. Hubbard contended we are thetens, immortal spiritual beings incarnated in numerous lifetimes. (However, per Hubbard, each time a thetan discovers that he will be dead, he should report to Mars for a 'forgetter implant. ' The best goals of evaluating will be to not merely liberate one from destructive mental trends, but also from the particular laws of matter, vitality, space, and time. Once free of these limitations, the particular theten can roam the particular universe or even generate new ones. Supposedly one who is Clear has flawless memory and the particular capacity to perform mental jobs at great speed, because well as being fewer susceptible to disease. Zero credible examples, however, have been found, per Wright's analysis. Hubbard also reportedly treated 49er quarterback John Brodie's arm injury.
Film overseer Paul Haggis (Oscar-winning, by having an extensive Hollywood background) is really a major figure in 'Going Clear, ' with Wright documenting his story of indoctrination into the church and leaving 34 many years later as they was uncomfortable of its support for California's gay-marriage ban ballot proposition and its will be smearing of ex-members, and calling it a conspiracy.
One has to wonder why those imprisoned by simply Scientology didn't walk out there and call police. A single explanation is the 'Stockholm syndrome, ' lack of external friends is another, and a 3rd will be that they were advised they will have to spend back eg. 0, 500 for Scientology classes they will had taken.
Wright also reports that Hubbard conquer his second wife (married in a bigamous partnership, unknown to her), then tortured her with rest deprivation, strangulations, and 'scientific torture experiments, ' kidnapped their daughter, reported the girl towards the FBI as the Communist, and suggested of which she kill herself therefore he didn't have in order to incur the stigma of a divorce. She (Sara) declined, and after the particular divorce ran from him with her child because fast as she can.
The 'bad news' will be that Hubbard has been replaced by a reportedly authoritarian and violent Jesse Miscavige. Scientologists now are encouraged to sever relations with non-believing relatives, and some marrieds have to divorce.
Can this obnoxious person who else made some misconception science-fiction design as he went together also serve as a reputable founder of a 'real' religion, and would the 'real' religion treat people like Scientology has? Go through Wright's excellent 'Going Clear' and decide for yourself.
P. S.: Tom Luxury cruise doesn't come out unscathed both. Wright tells us the church sent several young females to live with him, and that he acquired a considerable amount of free labor from younger church adherents as part of their 'service. ', Interesting, well written, well researched. This book has each of the answers to the particular million questions I got about Scientology. There's not necessarily a lot of rumor or gossip here. We found it engrossing and very readable. Clearly, L Ron Hubbard was the talented man and the man who accomplished several things in his period here on earth. We believe he is credited together with writing more books compared to anyone else in the Guiness Book of Records. This individual also had an huge ego and I have a feeling if this individual is somehow in a position to see what Scientology is now, of which he is more compared to happy. Still, after We finished this guide, I had been left feeling as anxious as I always got about what looks like a cult to me, where the wealthy and accomplished stay in the penthouse and loyal worshipers toil and live lowly life in the basement. Avoid know why anyone outside of Tom Cruise, for whom they created the new military title, complete with uniform and correct salute, would like to be the member., I could not necessarily put this down. Is actually fascinating and surprisingly balanced. Wright digs up a few pretty horrific details concerning the Church of Scientology and Hubbard himself, but he lets the information speak for themselves (along with his sharp understanding and analysis at crucial points) and doesn't permit the book devolve in to vitriol. The book in fact changed my thoughts about the couple of preconceived thoughts, while driving home the real problems in the particular Church and how that relates to the planet. We was already considering the topic matter and probably might have still enjoyed the particular book if it we hadn't been this well-written, but Wright is really a compelling writer and the book will be excellent. Highly recommend that.
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