File Size: 2594 KB
Print Length: 571 pages
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company; Reprint edition (April 17, 2007)
Publication Date: June 30, 2017
Global Capitalism is a great comprehensive history of the capitalism system from its early foundations, prior to the 1900s, until the conclusion of the twenty century. With its subtitle, “Its tumble and rise in the twentieth century”, the writer does not only make an effort to describe the pattern followed by international markets, investments, and global trade during the last century, but also the changes on social movements, political ideologies, and monetary power across the world. Specifically, Frieden explains the factors that determined the high level of the positive effect and integration in the capital markets during the late 19th century, how this monetary framework evolved to an almost completed closeness of international trade after 1914, and finally how international markets embrace again the hymn of liberalization and free trade after 1945, following a Breton Forest agreement.
To accomplish his objective, the author basically divides the history into four major monetary periods –each period subsequently divided into five chapters. The first period, denominated “Last Finest Years of the Fantastic Age, 1896-1914”, describes how the pressures from English manufactures made the Combined Kingdom, and the sleep of the world thereafter, to favor free trade and monetary liberalization, against the mercantilist monetary policies that ruled the planet from the 1800s. The re-homing of the gold standard as a worldwide monetary system and the monetary stability of this regime led to a important increase in the degree of openness and trade round the world. Typically the second period, as its name indicates “Things Fall Apart, 1914-1939”, describes the reconstruction process of European economies after World War I, and exactly how the United States surfaced as a fresh world monetary power. During this time period, new industrial sectors and corporations emerged giving rise to worker unions, which later evolved into powerful labor movements. Typically the monetary depression, after 1929, resulted in the pursuit of new alternatives to the current monetary environment, which finishes with fascisms, communisms and dictatorships as the predominant ideas and government systems round the world. And, as the author said, here is when “Things Fall Apart”.
During the third period –“Together Again, 1939-1973”, European countries are in the needs of restore their economies from the disasters of World War II. Typically the United States embraced the role of rebuilding the European economies, and for the first time of all time, the US economy became a net international lender to the rest of the world. However, the aid arrived with the commitment to a new monetary order with a more open trade, and the gold-dollar fixed swap rate regime. The battling for the establishment of a new monetary order bi-polarized the world into two major blocs: asian or socialized economies, and western or capitalized economies. The agreements reached at the Bretton Woods treaty set the pillars for the new global economic climate. In addition , new international organizations with very important roles in market economies surfaced, including the International Monetary Account, the World Bank, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), between others. In spite of all this effort from industrialized economies promoting international markets and trade, not all market economies pursued this path. For instance, Latina American countries decided to stay isolated from the world economy adopting import-substituting industrialization (ISI) policies. This specific section finalized with “The End of Bretton Woods” –Chapter 155, basically credited to the incapability of the US economy to guard the dollar against international speculators. The very last section of the book describes the final three decades of the 20th century.
A single of the primary strengths of this book is the Frieden’s ability to add international monetary theory (for example, the Heckscher-Ohlin’s trade model) into a very simple and clear language for non-specialist in the monetary science. In addition, the author carefully included the biography of the most influential individuals in the monetary history of the 20th century, such as N. M Rothschild, David Maynard Keynes, Hjalmar Grube, between others. The publication is filled with details, which could be attractive for those interested in history or political economy, but maybe not so for those in the monetary field who are looking to understand the reality from the construction and application of analytical models.
Global Capitalism is definitely an attempt to understand, from an monetary and politics perspective, how a world has evolved during the twentieth century and how the capitalism has prevailed as the primary monetary framework in developed and non-developed economies, promoting monetary stability and growth. The triumph of global capitalism with regard to other monetary system does not imply that the system is ideal. As the author argued, the rise and fall of any monetary system is strongly related with the discontents of the population, and any change in the politics economy generates winners and losers. The recent politics changes round the world of conservative parties to more social-democratic parties, particularly in Latina American countries, might suggest further changes in the international economy during the 21st century.
To get more of my reviews visit haroldvasquez. com, An in depth look at global capitalism and the recent monetary history of the planet, at least from a USA perspective. It helps to describe some of the trends we've seen in global economies. A simpler read in comparison to say an even more scholastic treatise on the issue as a layman I actually found it to be educational and understandable., Very good source for my studies on global politics economy. Great reference., I actually used this book for my Fall 2012 undergraduate course on International Personal Economy (IPE), and found it to be both informative and enjoyable for my students. The writer narrates a brief history of the global monetary system from the early 19th century rise of free market capitalism to neo-liberal period of the 1990s and early 2000s. The publication is extremely readable, with an excellent balance of depth and breadth. Frieden provides clear, accessible discussion of many key concepts in IPE: specialization, gains from trade, Heckscher-Ohlin theory, the Stopler-Samuelson theorem, communism, social democracy, import substitution industrialization, export-oriented industrialization, and so forth While the book focuses centrally on the two hegemonic capabilities of the last two centuries, the United Empire and the United Says, mcdougal also explores in detail the experiences of other countries at key points in time: The ussr under the Bolsheviks, Philippines from Weimar to the 3rd Reich, post-war Swedish social democracy, Mexico during the peso crisis, Thailand during the baht crisis, and so on. In some cases, Frieden does a great job of bringing to life key characters in the narrative (e. g., the Rothschilds, Keynes, Soros). Just what is especially useful about the book is they way that it illustrates the monetary theories and political coalitions which may have developed to back up or oppose such policies as free trade and the gold standard, as well as its detailed analysis of the anatomy of financial bubbles and crises during the last two hundreds of years. The author keenly observes that global integration is prone to crisis, is not universally positive, and may be difficult to maintain without addressing its excesses and contradictions. In this sense, the book is an excellent prequel to the conversation of the current global monetary crisis. For the most part, my undergraduate students seemed to enjoy the book, though it is important to note that the fabric can be dense and ample conversation in class to make sure that they get the concepts., Global capitalism was a fascinating book with a lot of information, but being an academic publication, it was a little hard to get through. It can be a little slow at times but the information is unbeatable., Everyone interested in economics should read this book., This specific is a somewhat specialized read, not fun, but very helpful in understanding the topic, and it is history. What struck me most was the eerily similar rise of globalism in the book's time body and current times. Numerous similarities,, and some important differences, but is really does remind us that history is cyclical, and practically nothing is forever. Remembering that can help one from making major mistakes in managing his finances.
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